讲座题目：Migrate for Education? Primary School Relocation and Migration of Rural Residents
邢春冰，2006年毕业于北京大学，现为北京师范大学经济与工商管理学院教授，博士生导师，加拿大西安大略大学经济系博士后和访问学者，德国IZA研究员。主要研究领域为人力资本、移民和收入分配，相关研究成果发表在IZA Journal of Labor and Development、Journal of Banking & Finance、China Economic Review、《经济研究》、《经济学季刊》和《金融研究》等国内外权威学术刊物，2004年以来已发表中英文论文30余篇。课题方面，邢春冰教授曾主持国家自然科学基金、教育部人文社会科学基金以及IDRC/CIGI研究项目。
The number of primary schools in rural China decreased dramatically in the last two decades, and after the central government issued a decision aiming to optimize the educational resources in 2001, an increasing number of small village schools were merged into the large scaled ones that located in more populous regions. This paper studies the impact of the relocation of primary schools on the migration decisions of rural residents. First, using two nationally representative micro datasets, we find that the decline in the number of primary schools per capita between 2000 and 2004 increased the probability of migration for rural residents in 2005. This result may suffers from endogeneity problem as the decrease in the number of rural primary schools is greatly influenced by the out-migration of rural residents. To alleviate this concern, we control for a rich set of variables, including those reflecting the region specific trend of migration. By exploring the heterogeneous effects, we find that the migration of households with primary-school-age children are more sensitive to the relocation of primary schools, and that the effect is stronger for families with boys than those with girls. Second, using a longitudinal household survey that contains information on community characteristics, we find that both the disappearance of village primary school and the increased distance to nearby primary school increased the migration probability of village residents. Finally, we find a discontinuous drop in primary school enrollment rate between 2001 and 2002, a time when the number of rural primary schools dropped sharply. All these results suggest that human capital investment motive and regional education policy play an important role in China's urbanization process.