【10月17日】【中国财政发展协同创新中心2018年秋学术沙龙】Faculty Service Loads and Gender发布日期：2019-09-12 21:13:08
主题：Faculty Service Loads and Gender: Are Women Taking Care of the Academic Family?
Cassandra Guarino holds a dual appointment as Professor of Education and Public Policy at the University of California, Riverside. She obtained her Ph.D. in the Economics of Education from Stanford University in 1999 with an emphasis on labor economics. She has held prior positions on the faculties of Indiana and Michigan State Universities and as an economist at the Rand Corporation. Her research focuses on professional labor markets, gender, teacher and school effectiveness, school choice, and issues in which health and education are linked. She teaches courses in education policy, the economics of education, and quantitative research methods. She is currently co-editor of Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, and she serves on the Board of Directors of the Association for Education Finance and Policy.
This paper investigates the amount of academic service performed by female versus male faculty. We use 2014 data from a large national survey of faculty at more than 140 institutions as well as 2012 data from an online annual performance reporting system for tenured and tenure-track faculty at two campuses of a large public, Midwestern university. We find evidence in both data sources that, on average, women faculty perform significantly more service than men, controlling for rank, race/ethnicity, and field or department. Our analyses suggest that the male-female differential is driven more by internal service—i.e., service to the university, campus, or department—than external service—i.e., service to the local, national, and international communities—although significant heterogeneity exists across field and discipline in the way gender differentials play out.
This research has garnered attention in the New York Times, Newsweek, and many other news outlets. The next step is to develop and implement strategies to fix the imbalance. If academic leaders pay attention to this issue and recognize its importance, it is something we can successfully address to improve the lives of women faculty.