【4月18日】Comparative Advantage in Routine Production or How to estimate production using firm level da发布日期：2019-09-12 21:10:37
主讲人：Jo Van Biesebroeck（University of Leuven）
讲座题目：Comparative Advantage in Routine Production or How to estimate production using firm level data
摘要：We pin down a new mechanism behind comparative advantage by pointing out that countries differ in their ability to adjust to technological change. We take stock of the pattern extensively documented in the labor literature whereby more efficient machines displace workers from codifiable (routine) tasks. Our hypothesis is that labor reallocation across tasks is subject to frictions and that these frictions are country-specific. We incorporate task routineness into a canonical 2-by-2-by-2 Heckscher-Ohlin model. The key feature of our model is that factor endowments are determined by the equilibrium allocation of labor to routine and non routine tasks. Our model predicts that countries which facilitate labor reallocation across tasks become relatively abundant in non routine labor and specialize in goods that use non routine labor more intensively. We document that the ranking of countries with respect to the routine intensity of their exports is strongly connected to two institutional aspects: labor market institutions and behavioral norms in the workplace.
Jo Van Biesebroeck教授是比利时Leuven大学经济系的GrewoonHoogleraar教授和CEPR研究员，研究领域涵盖产业组织、国际贸易和发展经济学。主要研究成果发表在American Economic Review, Review of Economic Studies, Review of Economics and Statistics, Journal of International Economics, Journal of Development Economics, Journal of Industrial Economics, Journal of the European Economic Association等顶级期刊上。现任Review of World Economy副主编、World Bank Economic Review编委会成员。